Tuesday, May 4, 2010

#237 Turkey...Thanks Oguz!

The 75k stamp on the left of the upper row was issued in 2010 commemorating 90 years of Anadolu Agency,which is the Turkish state news agency commissioned with producing news releases pertaining to the country.

The agency was set up on April 6, 1920 by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Turkish Republic, as a propaganda tool during the Turkish War of Independence, and is the biggest news agency of Turkey.

The next 75k and 90k stamps were issued in 2010 celebrating 90th Anniversary of The Opening of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) which is the sole body given the legislative prerogatives by the Turkish Constitution. It was founded in Ankara on 23 April 1920 in the midst of the Turkish War of Independence. The parliament was fundamental in the efforts of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk to found a new state out of the remnants of the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of the World War I.

The three stamps on the lower row are from 2009 Atatürk definitive issue.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and founder of the Republic of Turkey as well as its first President.

Atatürk became known as an extremely capable military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish national movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His successful military campaigns led to the liberation of the country and to the establishment of Turkey. During his presidency, Atatürk embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms. An admirer of the Age of Enlightenment, he sought to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern, democratic, and secular nation-state. The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.

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