Sunday, November 21, 2010

#486 Brazil...Thanks Murilo!

The 55c stamp was issued in 2006 celebrating 11th anniversary of Brazilian Paralympic Committee.

The Rs 2 stamp was issued in 2008 commemorating Bicentenary of Portuguese Royal Family arrival in Brazil.

D. João (King John VI) arrived in Salvador on January 22, 1808. Six days later, decreed the opening of Brazilian ports to friendly nations. Soon after, he created the Medical-Surgical School of Bahia. With the first act, would cancel the colonial monopoly: henceforth, Brazil could trade with any country and not just with the mother country or with the mediation of Portugal. With the second, creating the first institution of higher learning in Brazilian land. Both decisions were breaking the strict dependency on that Lisbon had its American domains and foreshadowed the major reforms that D. João would in Brazilian life.

To relocate with the Royal family to Rio de Janeiro, where he landed on March 8, 1808, the Prince Regent changed the Portuguese capital Lisbon to Brazil. There came to Rio as outlaw or exile, but as their sovereign soil. And among his subjects, protecting it from the dynasty indignities to which Napoleon referred many others, would maintain the integrity of the territory of Portugal and retain their possessions in the world.

With his coming, D. João has entirely changed Brazil. Wherever you look today, it's hard not seeing her a founding gesture. He was aided by advisers as Rodrigo de Souza Coutinho, redo the Portuguese state in Brazil, to recreate the structures that left the other side of the ocean and invent new ones. Broke a ban that had factories in Brazil, dictated the rules of the General Administration of Posts, established the Royal Press, which, in addition to official documents and publish the first newspaper that had the country, the Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro, has become a great publishing house, and created - the list is not complete - the State Council, the Council of Finance, the Supreme Council of Military Justice and the Military Archives, the Court of the Bureau of Paço and Conscience and Orders, ie , an independent judiciary in Brazil, the Quartermaster General of Police, the Board of Trade, Agriculture, Manufacturing and Shipping, the Navy, the Gunpowder Factory, the Bank of Brazil, a medical school, the Academy of Marine Guards, Military Academy, a school of commerce, the National Museum, the School of Sciences, Arts and Crafts, the Royal Library and the Botanical Gardens. During his stay, the country became another and progressed at a pace that never before met. Hence, between 2008 and 2021, many Brazilian organizations celebrate their 200 years of foundation or transfer to Brazil. In the latter case is the Marine Corps.

On December 16, 1815, D. João equaled a UK Brazil to Portugal. And on February 6, 1818, almost two years after the death of D. Mary I, became king acclaim in Rio de Janeiro. It is believed that it did not intend to return to Lisbon and wanted to turn the Rio, temporary, permanent capital of the kingdom. Forced by the Portuguese liberal revolution of 1820 to return to Europe, left a country much better than that which it had reached thirteen years before and the structure of an assembled state, ready to become independent. Therefore, one can date the arrival of D. João and the Royal Family in Rio de Janeiro the beginning of the process of political emancipation in Brazil.

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